Coronavirus Outbreak: A Comprehensive Guide

By now you've probably heard a thing or two about the Coronavirus. This first virus contagion appeared in the Wuhan area in China, and has currently spread to 52 other countries. According to The World Health Organisation (WHO) data there are 88.948 people infected and 48.1685 people have recovered. At the time of writing, 2.915 people passed away [World Health Organisation,1st of March 2020 [1].


Since health is an important subject to us 
(and you guys too!) we decided to devote an article to the matter. We will focus on what symptoms belong to the coronavirus, what its current state is and how you can prevent the virus from spreading. We will also address how the virus is currently affecting us as a company.

 

What are Coronaviruses? 

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness; ranging from the common cold to more dangerous conditions like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, or SARS. Some coronaviruses can only affect animals, but others can also affect humans. There are several different types of human coronaviruses, including coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19 in short. The name comes from the crown-like spikes that protrude from the surface of the virus [2]. 

According to the WHO, respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties are common signs of COVID-19 infection. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. There is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19. However, it IS possible to recover from it. [3]

 

What is the current state?

The World Health Organization (WHO) raised their risk assessment to Very High globally and is avoiding using Pandemic to describe today’s crisis, instead they talk about 'epidemics in different parts of the world’. Although this does not sound very soothing, it’s not necessary to freak out. According to the WHO, the spread of the virus outside China is worrying but not an unexpected development. According to preliminary research, the (COVID-19) coronavirus is infectious and estimated that each infected person could spread it to somewhere between 1.5 and 3.5 people without effective containment measures.

However, experts say that there is no reason to panic [3]. For instance, UCLA epidemiologist Jeffrey Klausner said; “It's possible to say suddenly we'll have 20 or 30 cases from one particular place. People should expect that, but people should not be overly concerned about that. If we were testing everyone for the common cold, we would find hundreds of thousands of cases.”[4] [5] Health workers all over the world are conducting contact control on confirmed cases. Meaning they will test people with symptoms from either regions where it has been known to have spread or anyone that was in contact with someone who tested positive. This is expected to significantly lower the infectiveness of the virus. 


Can we cure COVID-19?

Scientist all over the world are testing for interventions with some succes. 
The National Medical Products Administration of China has approved the use of Favilavir for clinical trials. Flavilavir has shown efficacy in treating the disease with minimal side effects in a clinical trial involving 70 patients. Roughly 20 pharmaceutical companies are working on antivirals to treat the contagious coronavirus infection [6]. Because it is important and difficult to test efficacy and safety, a cure may not be released for the global market within this year.  

 

 

How can we prevent the spread?

Right now, there aren't any vaccines to prevent human coronavirus infections. However, according to the Centers for Diseases and Prevention you may able to reduce your risk of getting or spreading an infection by:

  • Washing your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol
  • Avoiding touching your face, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
  • Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
  • Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces that you frequently touch ( for example telephone screen, laptop, wallet)
  • Avoiding the use of money, use debit card instead
  • Covering coughs and sneezes with a tissue. Then throw away the tissue and wash your hands.
  • Staying home when sick [2]     

 

What does this mean for Jimmy Joy? 

At this moment we're not experiencing any stock issues. However since we're experiencing an influx in demand, we will need to start shipping some flavours in non-printed white bags with labels instead of the regular beautifully - if we may say so ourselves - illustrated pouches. But remember: it's the inside that counts. Next to that, we're doing our upmost best and working extra shifts to get your orders shipped on time. 

Our production facility has high hygienic standards year-round with a pressurised production area, protective suits and n95 masks. Read more about our quality assurance here. The virus is less likely to spread via solids than human-to-human contact. Still, we will ask our employees to stay home with minimal signs of fever or cough. 

 

Sources:

[1] World Health Organisation (2020). Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Situation. From: https://experience.arcgis.com/experience/685d0ace521648f8a5beeeee1b9125cd 

[2] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). About COVID-19 > Prevention & Treatment. From: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/prevention-treatment.html 

[3] World Health Organization (2020). Coronavirus. From: https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus 

[4] Jeffrey Klausner (2020). Coronavirus. From: https://reason.com/2020/02/27/coronavirus-is-it-time-to-panic/ 

[5] National Institutes of Health (2020). Coronavirus Infections. From: https://medlineplus.gov/coronavirusinfections.html 

[6] Praveen Duddu (2020) Coronavirus treatment: Vaccines/drugs in the pipeline for Covid-19. From: https://www.clinicaltrialsarena.com/analysis/coronavirus-mers-cov-drugs/ 

[7] Gina Kolata (27th of February 2020). How to Prepare for the Coronavirus. From: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/25/health/prepare-for-coronavirus.html 

Comments

  • Posted by Andri on

    48.1685 people have recovered?

  • Posted by Harvir on

    Good info for sure. Never expected jimmy joy to do an article about the Corona virus

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